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Create a Dynamic Learning Environment using Reggio Emilia Principles.

"The child has

a hundred languages

a hundred hands

a hundred thoughts

a hundred ways of thinking..."

The Hundred Languages of Children by Loris Malaguzzi

The Reggio Emilia Approach

The Reggio Emilia approach, a unique educational philosophy that originated in the Italian town of the same name, stands out as a pioneer in early childhood education. Developed post-World War II by Loris Malaguzzi and the local parents, this framework is celebrated for its image of the child as curious, strong and capable. Its culture is community-oriented and collaborative. Unlike traditional models, Reggio Emilia emphasises children's role in co-creating a project-based curriculum.

Core Principles of the Reggio Emilia Approach

At the heart of the Reggio Emilia approach are several guiding principles that set it apart from conventional teaching methodologies:

Children as Protagonists:

 In the Reggio Emilia approach, children are not just learners but powerful agents in their own learning journey. They are viewed as strong, capable, and resilient, with a natural curiosity that drives their learning. They actively participate in their education, co-constructing knowledge through exploration and interaction with their peers and environment. This empowerment of children is a key aspect that inspires educators and parents alike.

The Role of Teachers:

In Reggio Emilia, teachers are considered partners, guides, and researchers. They observe, document, and interpret children's learning processes to understand their interests and needs. This reflective practice helps create a dynamic curriculum that evolves based on children's inquiries.

The Environment as the Third Teacher:

The design and use of space in Reggio Emilia schools are crucial. Classrooms are filled with natural light, open spaces, and materials that provoke curiosity and creativity. This thoughtfully arranged environment encourages children to engage in self-directed learning and collaboration.

Documentation and Communication:

Reggio Emilia places significant emphasis on documenting children's thoughts, progress, and projects. This documentation is a tool for assessment and a medium for communicating with parents and the community. It showcases the learning journey and provides insights into the children's developmental processes.

The Hundred Languages of Children:

This metaphor encapsulates the belief that children have multiple ways of expressing themselves, including drawing, sculpting, dramatic play, writing, and music. The approach encourages children to use these "languages" to communicate their understanding and imagination.

Implementing a Reggio Emilia Approach

Implementing the Reggio Emilia approach requires a shift from traditional teaching methods to a more fluid, responsive, co-created pedagogy. Here are some practical ways to incorporate its principles:


 Progettazione, a core concept of the Reggio Emilia approach, refers to the educators/ dynamic and flexible planning process to create meaningful and responsive learning experiences. Educators project an open-ended theme or idea about what children might learn. The project is introduced with a provocation to promote children’s interest. Rather than following their plan rigidly, teachers observe and listen to children, developing projects that build on their interests, questions, and ideas. This iterative process involves collaboration among educators, children, and sometimes families, ensuring that learning is contextual, engaging, and deeply relevant to the students’ lives. By embracing progettazione, educators foster an environment of inquiry and discovery, where the curriculum evolves organically based on the needs and curiosities of the children.

Creating a Stimulating Environment:

Design learning spaces rich in materials and resources. Use natural elements and organise the classroom to promote exploration, collaboration, and independence.

Forging Relationships:

Build strong relationships between children, teachers, and parents. Encourage open communication and involve parents in the educational process, making them partners in their children's learning journey.

Project-Based Learning:

Embrace project-based learning that harnesses the children's strengths and interests. Develop long-term projects that allow children to explore topics deeply, collaborate with peers, and express their findings through various mediums.

Observation and Documentation:

Observe and document children's activities and interactions regularly. Use this documentation to reflect on their learning processes, plan future activities, and communicate with parents and colleagues.

Encouraging Expression:

Provide diverse opportunities for children to express themselves. Introduce different materials and mediums for them to explore their thoughts and ideas creatively.

Impact and Benefits

The Reggio Emilia approach profoundly impacts children, educators, and the broader community. For children, it nurtures critical thinking, creativity, and a lifelong love of learning. They develop strong problem-solving skills, social abilities, and a sense of ownership over their education.

Educators benefit from the Reggio Emilia approach profoundly. They gain a deeper understanding of child development and the joy of witnessing authentic learning experiences. They become more reflective and responsive practitioners, continually evolving their teaching strategies based on children's needs and interests. This transformative experience for educators is a key aspect that can excite them about their professional growth.

The Reggio Emilia approach harnesses a culture of collaboration and mutual respect within the community. Parents, educators, and community members all play a vital role in this approach, contributing to a supportive and enriched learning environment for all children. This emphasis on collaboration and community involvement is a key aspect that makes the community feel valued and integral to the educational process.


The Reggio Emilia approach is more than an educational methodology; it is a philosophy that values children as powerful agents in their learning journey. By creating environments that inspire exploration and creativity, building solid relationships, and emphasising the many ways children express themselves, this approach offers a transformative experience for both learners and educators. Embracing the principles of Reggio Emilia can lead to a more engaging, dynamic, and meaningful education for children, preparing them to navigate and contribute to the world with confidence and creativity.

For a handy PPT on the Principles of Reggio Emilia, Click Below:

The PPT opens in Canva. Please click on the RHS on the screen to advance the slides.

Lili-Ann Kriegler (B. A Hons, H. Dip. Ed, M.Ed.) is a Melbourne-based education consultant and author of Edu-Chameleon. Lili-Ann’s specialisations are in early childhood education (birth to nine years), leadership and optimising human thinking and cognition. She is a child, parent and family advocate who believes education is a transformative force for humanity.  She runs her consultancy, Kriegler-Education.

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